The Condition of Higher Education in Georgia
It goes without saying that higher education is extremely important for the wellbeing of a society and to ensure growth and development of a country. This is one fact that the government of Georgia understands and as a result many steps have been taken to reform the old system of higher education and bring it at par with the international standards.
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Education has always been an important part of
the Georgian society. During The Middle Ages, there were many
educational centres in the country that helped to develop Georgia’s
culture. When the country got its independence at the beginning of
the 20th century, a national university was set up which was the
first one in the Caucasus. When the Russians took over the country,
Tbilisi State University was made a part of the Soviet system of
higher education. This led to the Central Ministry of Higher and
Specialised Secondary Education overseeing the higher education
policy decisions. Universities, academics and institutes in the
country had specific roles to perform during that time with the
authorities deciding the number of students who could study a
specific degree programme. Their decisions were based on the
requirement by the economy. As a result, when Georgia became
independent, this system continued, even though it had an emerging
economy with different needs.
Types of Higher Education in Georgia
Georgia presently has 26 public and 214 private
higher education institutions. With reforms in place, the country’s
higher education is similar to the education system present in OECD
countries. For undergraduate and graduate programmes, Georgia has a
4 + 2 format and has a credit-based higher education system.
Use of Technology and Internet in Higher Education
As Georgia has a modern system of higher education, use of technology, in particular the Internet, is highly prevalent in higher education institutions. Technology and the Internet are used for research-based higher education programmes. However, due to the current government policies, Internet usage is censored, but students wanting to do research for their dissertations can make use of the latest technologies and the Internet.
Opportunities for Improvement
While Georgia offers outstanding higher
education, especially in certain fields, there is still room for
improvement. Some of the improvements that can further improve
higher education institutions in the country include the following:
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