The Condition of Higher Education in
While Kyrgyzstan has managed to introduce
reforms in its higher education system, there is still a lot that
needs to be done. The government hopes that with international help
and funding, it will be able to bring higher education institutes in
Kyrgyzstan up to international standards.
Types of Higher Education Institutes
There are 4 types of higher education institutes in the country.
These include the following:
Universities – These are responsible for higher and postgraduate
programmes that offer specialisations in a wide range of fields.
Academies – These higher education institutes are solely meant for
higher education and postgraduate programmes in the field of
Institutes – These higher education institutes can be branches of a
university or academy, and usually offer Bachelor’s or Master’s
programmes in specific fields of study.
Specialised Higher Education Institutions – Such institutions are
highly specialised and offer Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in wide
ranging fields of study. These institutes offer pure and applied
research, impart training to scientific and pedagogical personnel,
and also offer re-training programmes.
Use of Technology in Higher Education
Live in the UK? Car insurance due? Buy
inexpensive car insurance cover here
Many of the specialised higher education institutions have computer
laboratories. These institutions either purchase them or get them as
donations from individuals and non-profit organisations. However,
many times, these computers are not upgraded and, therefore, unable
to provide the latest technology to students and pedagogical
personnel. Other institutions of higher education, especially those
lying in smaller cities and towns do not have access to technology,
the Internet and computers.
Amongst the majority of the higher education institutions in
Kyrgystan, lecture style teaching methods are being used. Hence,
they do not make use of audiovisuals as teaching aids.
Budget crunch is another issue that is stopping the use of
technology and modern teaching aids in some of the higher education
institutions in Kyrgyzstan.
Challenges in Higher Education in Kyrgyzstan
Higher Education in Kyrgyzstan is facing many problems at the moment
and these problems need to be addressed in the future if the country
wants to be a part of globalisation. Some of the challenges that the
country is facing are as follows:
• Have modern structure and content for higher education
• Offer Bachelor’s and Master’s degree programmes as per the
requirements of the labour market
• Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees are not treated at par with
specialist degrees and, hence, this has created a gap between what
educational institutions offer and the market needs
• The country needs an effective quality assurance system. The
present system in place does not monitor improvements in quality,
and there are not fixed standards to assess the quality of education
at higher education institutions
• Teaching material and resources are outdated and of low quality.
• The pedagogical staff and teachers require re-training to improve
their teaching abilities and, thereby, enhance the quality of
• Higher education institutions do not concentrate on research and
as a result, there is no connection between higher education and
Over 1.1 million people are employed by the education system in
Kyrgyzstan and the government believes that higher education is one
of the best ways to make the country a part of the world economy.
However, higher education system in the country needs an overhaul,
so that the country can produce individuals, who can get employed
after finishing their studies. In addition, the lack of funding for
equipment, buildings, infrastructure and teachers is making it
difficult for the country. As a result, the country is facing a
brain drain, with the brightest and best graduates moving to other
countries for better opportunities and pay packages.
Copyright silkproject.org 2009 All