The Condition of Higher Education in Tajikistan
The Republic of Tajikistan was part of the erstwhile USSR. Today, as an independent nation, the government has formed many policies to give impetus to higher education in the country. After the country broke away from USSR, it went through a period of instability and civil war which saw brain drain. As a result education, industry and research and development suffered. However, now the government has taken steps that ensure equal access, improvement in the quality of education and integration of Tajikistan’s higher education system with the international education system.
Types of Higher Education Facilities
Tajikistan has three types of institutions for
higher education. They are categorised as following:
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Institutes – In Tajikistan, these are known as Donishkada and offer education in a number of fields. However, institutes are not equipped to offer Master’s, Bachelor or specialist degree.
Use of Technology and Internet in Higher Education
Unlike many of the western European higher education institutions, the ones in Tajikistan are still not fully equipped to use technology and the Internet. While these institutes do have computers and Internet, the connectivity is not always available. Furthermore, most of the technology in higher education institutes is limited to the urban area, in particular the capital Dushanbe, while the rural areas are struggling with limited access to higher education institutes, technology and the Internet.
Measures Taken by Tajikistan Government to Improve Higher Education
A part of the problem is that 93 percent of the
country has mountains and this has made it difficult to develop the
country’s infrastructure. However, the government has realised the
importance of providing high quality education from primary to
tertiary levels. Many laws and regulations have been put into place
to ensure that higher education in Tajikistan improves and gradually
gets at par with the European Union standards. Thanks to the
proactive steps taken by the government, today Tajikistan is
noticing the following reforms in higher education:
Opportunities for Improvement
The country still has a problem with electricity,
especially during winter. While certain universities and higher
education institutions have installed generators to ensure
electricity supply during outages, not all universities and school
have this provision. So, if Tajikistan wants to ensure that students
get access to computer, technology and the Internet as part of their
curriculum and research, the electricity supply in the country needs
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